From Ohio History Central
John Crafts Wright was a journalist and political leader in Ohio in the years before the American Civil War.
John Wright was born on August 17, 1783, in Wethersfield, Connecticut. He attended school and learned the trade of a printer. He then became the editor of the Troy Gazette in Troy, New York. He worked at the Gazette for several years, before moving to Litchfield, Connecticut, where he studied to become a lawyer. In 1809, he moved to Steubenville, Ohio, and established a law practice.
Wright went into politics quite soon after his arrival in Ohio. Originally a Democrat, Wright became a supporter of the Whig Party by the 1830s. In 1817, he became an attorney for the federal government. In 1820, Ohio voters elected him to the United States House of Representatives. He resigned from this position before assuming office. In 1822, Ohio voters elected him to the House of Representatives a second time. He served three terms between 1823 and 1829. In 1828, Wright ran for reelection and lost. He returned to Ohio and became a justice of the Ohio Supreme Court in 1831. . Two years later, Wright helped found the Cincinnati Law School. In 1835, he resigned his position and moved to Cincinnati, where he became the editor of the Cincinnati Gazette. He remained the editor of the paper for the next thirteen years. He also served as a director of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railway Company.
Wright's last political service was given in 1861. He served as a member and the honorary president of the Peace Congress of 1861. At this meeting, opponents of the American Civil War met to try to create a peaceful solution to the problems existing between the North and South. The delegates failed to create a solution that appeased the two sides in the conflict. Wright died on February 13, 1861.
- Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.
- McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1988.
- Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.
- Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil War Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.
- "Wright, John Crafts, (1783 - 1861)." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=W000764.