From Ohio History Central
On July 20, 1831, the Seneca Indians and the Shawnee Indians agreed to relinquish their claims to land in western Ohio. In exchange, the United States government agreed to provide the tribes with sixty thousand acres of land west of the Mississippi River. The government also paid the Indians six thousand dollars and implemented a yearly annuity for the two tribes based upon the money that the federal government earned from the sale of the Indians' former land. United States officials additionally presented the natives with one hundred blankets, twenty plows, one hundred hoes, fifty axes, twenty sets of harness, ten rifles, and enough cloth to make forty tents. This agreement became known as the Treaty with the Seneca and the Shawnee.
The Treaty with the Seneca and the Shawnee, along with several other treaties between Indian tribes and the United States government during the first decades of the nineteenth century, marked the slow but gradual removal of native people to land west of the Mississippi River. The removal of the Indians opened up much of Ohio to settlement.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
- Vogel, John J. Indians of Ohio and Wyandot County. New York, NY: Vantage Press, 1975.