Treaty of Little Sandusky (1831)
On February 28, 1831, Seneca residing along the Sandusky and the Little Sandusky Rivers signed the Treaty of Little Sandusky with representatives of the United States. The Seneca agreed to relinquish approximately forty thousand acres of land in Ohio in return for nearly sixty-seven thousand acres of land west of the Mississippi River.
In 1831, approximately four hundred Seneca resided in Ohio. The United States government promised to assume the cost of moving them west of the Mississippi River. It promised as well to provide the Seneca with provisions and other supplies for one year after their arrival in the West. In addition the government also paid the Seneca six thousand dollars and provided them with one hundred rifles, four hundred blankets, fifty plows, fifty axes, and fifty hoes as compensation for improvements to the land that the Indians were leaving.
The Treaty of Little Sandusky, along with several other treaties between Ohio's Indian tribes and the United States government during the first decades of the nineteenth century, marked the start of an era of increasingly aggressive formalized removal by the U.S. government of Ohio's American Indian peoples to land west of the Mississippi River. Many of Ohio's American Indian people were sent to what became Kansas, only to be forcibly removed yet again to Oklahoma.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.