The New Ohioans

From Ohio History Central
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Following passage of the Northwest Ordinance in 1787, people from the eastern states, including Anglo-Americans and Afro-Americans, began to move into the Ohio Country. These people were followed by various groups of immigrants throughout the 1800s. Included were people from Germany, Ireland, France, Switzerland and Wales. As settlement grew and moved westward some Ohioans moved on but the population of the state continued to grow. Between the mid-1800s and the First World War, many rural Ohioans moved to cities. And from the early 1900s through about 1970, Appalachians from Kentucky and West Virginia moved into Ohio's industrial centers.The Ohio History Connection's Campus Martius Museum highlights migration in Ohio's history from the late 1700s through most of the 1900s. The museum is located in Marietta on the site of the first organized American settlement in the Northwest Territory.

Ohio's Population, 1800-1990

1800:42,1591810
1810:230,7601820
1820:581,434 1830
1830:937,9031840
1840:1,519,4671850
1850:1,980,3291860
1860:2,339,511
1870:2,665,260
1880:3,198,062
1890:3,672,329
1900:4,157,545
1910:4,767,121
1920:5,759,394
1930:6,646,697
1940:6,907,612
1950:7,946,627
1960:9,706,397
1970:10,652,017
1980:10,797,630
1990:10,847,115

Population in 1990

Urban:8,039,409
Rural:2,807,706
Male:5,226,340
Female:5,620,775
Total:10,847,115

Population Density in 1990

People per square mile

Ohio264.9
Pennsylvania.265
West Virginia:5
Kentucky:93
Indiana:155
Michigan:164
Canada:7

Families in 1990

People per square mile

Married Couples2,294,111
- With Children1,098,530
Female Householder - No Spouse478,070
- With Children312,217
Male Householder - No Spouse123,042
- With Children61,946
Total Families2,895,223
Average Family3.12 persons

Educational Attainment in 1990

Persons 25 Years & Over

Less Than 9th Grade:546,954 (7.9%)<
9th to 12th Grade:1,137,934 (16.4%)
High School Graduate:3,695,396 (53.4%)
Associate Degree:369,144 (5.3%)
Bachelor's Degree767,845 (11.1%)
Graduate or Professional Degree407,491 (5.9%)

Resources

  • O'Bryant, MichaelThe Ohio Almanac;Orange Frazer Press, Willimington, Ohio; 1997.
  • Peacefull, Leonard, ed.A Geography of Ohio;Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio; 1996.

See Also