From Ohio History Central
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The Fort Gower Resolutions were an expression of the increasing spirit of American independence as the American Revolution was about to begin.
As a result of this war, some Shawnee Indians agreed to the terms of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1768) and promised to give up some of their lands east and south of the Ohio River. This was the first time that some of the natives who actually lived in the Ohio Country agreed to relinquish some of their land. This military campaign came to be known as Lord Dunmore's War.
As Dunmore's soldiers were returning to Virginia, they stopped where the Hocking River joins the Ohio River. There the soldiers built Fort Gower. While the men were building the fort, they learned that the First Continental Congress had ordered the boycott of any goods from England as a response to the Coercive Acts, including the Quebec Act, which England issued in 1774.
Most of the soldiers agreed with the action of Continental Congress. The men recorded their sentiments in a document known as the Fort Gower Resolutions
, officially recorded on November 5, 1774. The Virginians wrote the Fort Gower Resolutions for a number of reasons. Chief among them was England's policy on the Ohio Country. Many people living east of the Appalachian Mountains looked at the Ohio Country as a place to start a new life in a new land.
England, in order to maintain control of their colonies and protect Native American homelands, prohibited American colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains in the Proclamation of 1763. England also levied new taxes and placed other restrictions on its colonists. Many Americans, including these Virginians, began to resent the Mother Country. These disagreements led to the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
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