From Ohio History Central
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The Cincinnati and Whitewater Canal was built between 1839 and 1843. When completed, the canal extended approximately ninety miles. Like most canals, things never went as smoothly as the builders had intended. Although the Cincinnati and Whitewater Canal did not have significant problems, the Whitewater Canal in Indiana experienced frequent flooding. This flooding meant that the Cincinnati and Whitewater was not fully utilized as well. Ultimately, the Whitewater Canal Company in Indiana went bankrupt in the 1850s. It was only a matter of time until the Cincinnati and Whitewater closed as well. In 1862, the Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad purchased the canal, choosing to lay its tracks on the old canal path.