From Ohio History Central
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American Indian men and women who acted as doctors or healers consisted of two groups. The first type was the shaman or medicine man (or woman), who sought cures through spiritual means. The second type included herbalists, who relied on more practical methods of treatment
"I firmly believe," Heckewelder wrote, "that there is no wound, unless it is absolutely mortal, or beyond the skill of our own (white) practitioners which an Indian surgeon (I mean the best of them) will not succeed in healing." He related an instance of a member of the Shawnee Indians, who suffered a nearly fatal gunshot wound in his chest. The Shawnee medicine man completely healed the injury.