From Ohio History Central
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Even religious leaders began to condone violence. Among them was Henry Ward Beecher, a former resident of Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1854, Beecher sent rifles to anti-slavery forces participating in "Bleeding Kansas." These guns became known as "Beecher's bibles," because they arrived in Kansas in crates marked "bibles." Kansas continued to be "Bleeding Kansas" until the Civil War's conclusion in 1865.