From Ohio History Central
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| image = [[File:OHS_AL00198.jpg]]
| caption = Portrait of the Shawnee military and political leader Tecumseh, ca. 1800-1813. He worked with his brother Tenskwatawa, known as 'The Prophet,' to unite
Native American tribes in the Northwest Territory to defend themselves against white settlers.
<p>During the early 1800s, Tecumseh, a leader of the Shawnee, attempted to unite American Indian tribes west of the Appalachian Mountains into a confederation. Tecumseh believed that the land did not belong to a single tribe. In reality, no one owned the land except for the Master of Life, the Shawnees' principal god. Tecumseh believed that the only way that American Indians could transfer land to the Americans was if every tribe agreed to it. Tecumseh wanted to force the Americans to deal with all of the tribes in unison. Separately, the individual tribes did not have much power. Together, Tecumseh hoped, they would be a major deterrent to white expansion.</p>