From Ohio History Central
no edit summary
The Constitution of the state of Ohio, shown here, was approved by a vote of 125,564 to 109,276 and went into effect on September 1, 1851.
<p>By 1850, many Ohioans believed
that the time had come to replace the Constitution of 1803. New issues had arisen that the drafters of the first constitution had not foreseen. The Constitution of 1803 had given great power to the Ohio General Assembly. With the exception of the governor, the legislature had the power to appoint judges and all other government officials. This gave the legislature nearly complete control over the government. The Constitution of 1803 also required the Supreme Court to meet once each year in every county in the state. When the Constitution of 1803 originally went into effect, few counties existed. Over the next fifty years the number of counties increased until it was virtually impossible for the Supreme Court to fulfill its obligations under the original constitution.</p>
<p>A majority of the Constitutional Convention of 1850's delegates belonged to the Democratic Party. The Democrats were divided into liberal and conservative factions. Liberal Democrats, like Charles Reemelin, tended to favor working class issues. Conservatives were more likely to believe that power should remain in the hands of the wealthy. Because of this division, the Whig Party delegates commonly served as the swing votes between the Democratic Party's divided representatives.</p>
<p>The convention was to meet originally in Columbus, but a cholera epidemic moved the meeting to Chillicothe. William Medill served as the convention president. The Constitution of 1851 created a more democratic system within the state. The new constitution gave Ohio voters the right to elect the governor, other high-ranking state officials, and judges. Rather than having only two levels of courts within the state, a third level of district courts was added between the Ohio Supreme Court and common pleas courts. Only adult white men who had resided in the state for at least one year could vote. An overwhelming majority of the delegates voted against extending the suffrage to African-American men and women of all races. The voters had to approve all constitutional amendments in the future and received the option to call a new constitutional convention every twenty years.</p>