From Ohio History Central
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| image = [[File:OhioGuide_SA1039AV_B02F01_009_1.jpg]]
| caption = This illustration is of the Ross County courthouse, which became Ohio's first statehouse in 1803
. The building was torn down in 1852. Chillicothe was named the capital of the Northwest Territory in 1800 and became the first capital of the State of Ohio in 1803 . The presence of influential men such as Thomas Worthington, the "father of Ohio statehood" and Edward Tiffin, Ohio's first governor, near Chillicothe made the city a convenient place to locate the capital. The capital was moved to Zanesville in 1810, but returned to Chillicothe in 1812. In 1816 Columbus became the permanent state capital.
<p>Chillicothe was the name of several historic towns in Ohio. The word is from the language of the Shawnee natives. It was the name of one of their clans. The principal leader of the Shawnees could only come from the Chillicothe clan. When a village was called Chillicothe it meant that it was home to the principal leader. It was the capital city of the Shawnees until the death of that person. Then the capital would move to the home village of the next person selected to lead. That village would then become Chillicothe.</p>