From Ohio History Central
Text replacement - "Ohio Historical Society" to "Ohio History Connection"
<p>Fort Meigs withstood two sieges by the British and their Indian allies. Both sieges occurred in 1813 with the British objective to capture the fort or wipe it off the map. The Americans suffered many causalities but managed to maintain possession of the fort and thwart the British plans. It was these two victories at Fort Meigs that marked a turning point in the western theater of war in favor of the American forces. </p>
<p>Shortly after the second siege of Fort Meigs, the British marched to Fort Stephenson in Fremont, Ohio, and were severely repulsed forcing them to retreat to their base at Fort Malden in Upper Canada. This was followed by the American naval victory on Lake Erie in September 1813. With the loss of Lake Erie, the British forces were compelled to retreat further east into Upper Canada. The American army pursued this retreating army and defeated them at the Battle of the Thames in October of 1813. The death in this fighting of the Shawnee war chief Tecumseh shattered the Indian Confederacy allied with the British. These victories reversed many of the American misfortunes early in the war and placed control of the western theater of war into American hands. </p>
Historical Society reconstructed the fort in the 1970s and most recently in 2003. Today, Fort Meigs is the largest reconstructed, wooden-walled fort in the United States and is a National Historic Landmark. The seven blockhouses, five artillery batteries and numerous earthworks appear much as they did during the summer of 1813. Exhibits in the fort’s blockhouses present the life of a soldier, the building of the fort and dramatic accounts of the two sieges against the fort in 1813. </p>
<p>The Visitor Center houses classrooms, a museum store, and a museum. The exhibits focus on the themes of Era, Conflict, Understanding, and Remembrance. The exhibit also explores how historians and archaeologists learned what happened at the fort. Important artifact collections are featured in the museum exhibits, including War of 1812 weapons, accouterments, uniforms and personal items of soldiers. </p>
<p>Historical interpreters dressed in 1812 clothing present demonstrations of camp life, weapons, and other activities throughout the summer. Reenactments and special events further highlight America’s rich military history. </p><br />