From Ohio History Central
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<p>In July 1864, Crook and the Kanawha Division played a major role in defeating General Jubal Early's raid on Washington, DC. He took command of the entire Department of West Virginia. Unfortunately for Crook, his command was significantly smaller than Early's force currently operating in the Shenandoah Valley. The Northern soldiers quickly fell back to the northern end of the valley at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia. Ohioan Philip Sheridan took command of the Army of West Virginia and combined it with other units to create the Army of the Shenandoah. Crook remained in command of the Department of West Virginia but served under Sheridan on the battlefield. Crook performed quite well at the Battles of Opequan, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek and he was promoted to the rank of major general. He spent the winter of 1864 and 1865 with his army at Cumberland, Maryland. On the evening of February 21, 1865, a detachment of Confederate guerrillas stole into Crook's headquarters and successfully captured the general. Crook remained a prisoner of war until March 20, 1865, when Confederate authorities exchanged him. He resumed command of the Department of West Virginia. He eventually joined the Department of North Carolina and headed the District of Wilmington until he was mustered out of the volunteer army on January 15, 1866. </p>
<p>While Crook left the volunteer service during 1866, he remained in the regular army for the remainder of his life. He served as a lieutenant colonel at first but eventually earned the rank of major general. As the United States expanded westward, Crook spent most of the 1870s and the 1880s battling against the Apache and Sioux Indians in the American West. William Sherman, Crook's commanding officer for much of this period, declared Crook to have been the "greatest Indian fighter" that the United States ever produced. In 1888, Crook became commander of the Division of Missouri, a position he retained until his death on March 21, 1893. During the later years of his life, Crook became a staunch defender of Native-American rights and sought better treatment for the Indians, especially those who assisted the United States Army in the Indian Wars, from the federal government.</p>
<p>General George Crook is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.</p><br />
*[[American Civil War]]
*[[Battle of Antietam]]
*[[William S. Rosecrans]]*[[Philip H. Sheridan]]
#Cozzens, Peter, ed. <em>Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865-1890</em>. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2001.
#Reid, Whitelaw. <em>Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers</em>. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.
#Robinson, Charles M. <em>General Crook and the Western Frontier</em>. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.
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