From Ohio History Central
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In 1808, the brothers moved their followers to Prophetstown near the Tippecanoe River in the Indiana Territory. The two men continued to spread their messages, and their followers continued to grow in number. By 1811, such a large number of natives lived at Prophetstown that white settlers in Ohio and the Indiana Territory demanded that the government do something to protect them. William Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana Territory and future president of the United States of America, led an army against Prophetstown in the fall of 1811. He stopped his force a short distance from the native village. Tecumseh was away, recruiting other natives to join his confederation. The Prophet, lacking the military skills of his brother, decided to attack the U.S. forces. He claimed that the Master of Life had come to him and told him that the natives would succeed in defeating the U.S. forces. He also stated that the whites' bullets would not harm the natives. The natives attacked Harrison's men before daybreak on the morning of November 7, 1811. Harrison's army had approximately one thousand troops, including infantry and cavalry. The U.S. Army defeated the natives, but they suffered heavy losses: sixty-two men killed and 126 wounded. The Native American losses are not easy to know because they carried off most of their dead and wounded. Harrison guessed that at least forty natives were killed. This battle became known as the Battle of Tippecanoe, which occurred north of present-day West Lafayette, Indiana.
The U.S. Army drove off the Native
American and burned Prophetstown to the ground. Most natives no longer believed in the Prophet. Many returned to their own villages after the defeat. Tecumseh tried to resurrect his confederation, but many people refused to join him again. Tenskwatawa's claims of invincibility contributed significantly to the collapse of Tecumseh's Native American alliance.
While Tecumseh's confederation was weakened after the Battle of Tippecanoe, Harrison's fortunes increased as he became known as "Old Tippecanoe." Many years later, he used his reputation as a successful fighter to run for President of the United States. His campaign slogan was "Tippecanoe and Tyler too!"