From Ohio History Central
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| caption = Poster with the slogan "Our Flags, Beat Germany, Support Every Flag that Opposes Prussianism." It was produced by the United States Food Administration and encouraged civilians to use food sparingly during World War I, ca. 1917-1918.
During World War I, the United States and its allies were fighting against Germany and its allies in Europe. As a result, anti-German sentiment developed in Ohio and across the nation during 1917 and 1918. Being anti-German became a way of showing patriotism for the American war effort, but many Ohioans began to target German-Americans in their zeal to promote patriotism.
Government actions promoted some anti-German activities, such as Ohio's Americanization Committee. Governor James M. Cox originally created the Americanization Committee to promote
American values and the teaching of the English language to immigrants who wanted to become American citizens. Raymond Moley, a professor at Western Reserve College, was the chair of the committee. Members of the committee were soon influenced by anti-German sentiment and began to enlarge their responsibilities to include censorship of German literature as well. Committee members sometimes recommended removing "pro-German" books from libraries during the war. The committee also published a list of "approved books" that were not considered to be "pro-German."
[[Category:The Progressive Era]][[Category:World Wars]]