From Ohio History Central
The Confederation Congress was the legislative branch of government established by the Articles of Confederation of the newly independent United States of America.
On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress issued the Declaration of Independence. The document proclaimed the separation of the American colonies from England and formally began the American Revolution. The new nation then had to create a new government to replace the monarchy it was trying to overthrow. After much debate, the Americans adopted the Articles of Confederation. This document established a very weak national government that consisted of a one-house legislature known as the Confederation Congress. The Congress had the power to declare war, sign treaties, and settle disputes between the states. It could also borrow or print money. The Americans were so fearful of a strong, centralized government that they refused to give their Congress the power to tax. The Articles of Confederation were first adopted by the Second Continental Congress on November 1, 1777, and were given final ratification on March 1, 1781. The Second Continental Congress became the Congress of the Confederation. This government was then in effect from 1781 until 1788.
Despite the Confederation Congress' shortcomings, it did have two major accomplishments during its brief existence. First, it was the Confederation Congress that led Great Britain's former colonies to victory during the American Revolution. Second, the Congress also drafted the blueprint for how Ohio and other territories would become states within what would become the United States of America. The Ordinance of 1784, the Land Ordinance of 1785, and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 set out a plan for the development and settlement of America's frontier.
[[Category:Exploration To Statehood]]