From Ohio History Central
World War I contributed immensely to Chillicothe's growth. In 1917, the United States government established Camp Sherman on the outskirts of the city. Within a few months, more than two thousand buildings had been built. They housed soldiers in training for duty in World War I. The city's population swelled from sixteen thousand people to approximately sixty thousand people practically overnight. Today, Camp Sherman does not exist. The United States government still owns the land and has established a Veterans Administration medical center. Three prisons also currently occupy parts of the site, as well as the Mound City National Monument, a National Park dedicated to preserving Hopewell Indian earthworks. The Hopewell earthworks as well as other historic sites, including First Lady Lucy Hayes's home and Adena, the home of Thomas Worthington, have provided the community with an important tourism industry. Chillicothe businesses continue to produce paper, an industry that had its beginnings in the town in 1810. Chillicothe was the original home of the Mead Corporation, one of the United States' leading paper manufacturers. Daniel Mead established the company in 1890 in the city. During the twentieth century, additional industries moved to Chillicothe. Most importantly was the Kenworth Truck Company, which remains one of the main employers in the community today. Almost twenty-two thousand people called Chillicothe home in 2000. Many people worked in these various industries, while others commuted roughly one hour to Ohio's current capital in Columbus.
[[Category:Exploration To Statehood]]