From Ohio History Central
The Miami Indians settled the town of Pickawillany in 1747. The village was located on the Great Miami River in western Ohio, near modern-day City of Piqua, Ohio. Pickawillany grew very quickly and soon held one of the largest concentration of Miamis within the Ohio Country.
The Miamis grew tired of poor treatment by French traders, who often charged high prices for their trade goods. They refused to trade any longer with the French or their Indian allies. La Demoiselle, also known as Old Briton, was the Miami chief of Pickawillany during the mid-1700s. He invited the British to set up a trading post at Pickawillany and challenged French control of the region.
In the 1760s, Shawnee Indians moved into the area, and built a town named Piqua in about 1780.
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