Rural School Code Act

From Ohio History Central

Girls Sewing Instruction.jpg
A group of girls practice sewing with the assistance of their teacher, Agricultural and District School, Liberty

Township, Union County, Ohio, ca. 1900-1910.

In the early decades of the twentieth century, Progressive reformers in Ohio enacted a number of laws to improve the state's educational system. One of these laws was known as the Rural School Code Act, passed in 1914. Under previous Ohio laws, townships were in control of local schools in rural areas. The Rural School Code Act placed school districts under the authority of county boards instead. This removed schools from local control and created a process by which standardization of education could be accomplished. The law also had a provision which set the minimum teacher's salary at forty dollars per month. In addition, the Rural School Code Act mandated that teachers have advanced professional training, setting the stage for the establishment of teacher training schools such as Kent State Normal College and Bowling Green State Normal College.

See Also


  1. Cayton, Andrew. Ohio: The History of a People. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 2002.
  2. Hofstadter, Richard. The Age of Reform: From Bryan to F.D.R. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1960.  
  3. Hofstadter, Richard. The Progressive Movement, 1900-1915. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1963.  
  4. McGerr, Michael. A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in America, 1870-1920. New York, NY: Free Press, 2003.