From Ohio History Central
During the 1950s, the Civil Rights Movement affected every part of the United States. In Ohio, segregation did exist in a number of areas. Segregation was the practice of requiring separate facilities for white people and black people. Some school districts in Ohio refused to admit African-American students to schools with white pupils. Many businesses had separate areas for whites and blacks or would refuse admittance to African Americans entirely. While segregation was pervasive in the South during the 1950s and 1960s, African Americans still had much to overcome in the North as well.
One area in which African Americans faced discrimination was in housing. Landlords in Ohio often refused to rent apartments or homes to African Americans. Homeowners also sometimes refused to sell their residences to black people. To help end discrimination in this area, in 1965, the Ohio Fair Housing Act was enacted. This legislation prohibited racial discrimination in housing except if the owner also resided in the building or if the home or apartment building had only one or two rental units. This legislation did not end discrimination in housing entirely, but it did help provide African Americans in Ohio with a legal means to acquire equal housing opportunities.