National Welfare Rights Organization
In 1967, Lillian Craig, a resident of Cleveland, Ohio, founded the National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO). This group eventually encompassed people, especially women, across the United States of America. The NWRO fought for the rights of people, especially women and children, reliant upon government welfare. Since the 1950s, the federal government had reduced the aid to welfare recipients through Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and other programs as well. In protest of the government's actions and the growing number of people living in poverty, Craig created the NWRO to pressure government at all levels to provide more aid to people living at or below the poverty level.
The NWRO attained some success during the late 1960s and the early 1970s, gaining additional government funding for various welfare programs and raising the nation's attention to poverty issues. The group failed in its main goal, however, of attaining stay-at-home mothers a wage. Due to difficulties in raising funds, the NWRO ceased to exist in 1975, although numerous local chapters continued to exist after this date.
- Kornbluh, Felicia. The Battle for Welfare Rights: Politics and Poverty in Modern America. N.p.: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.
- Piven, Frances Fox, and Richard Cloward. Regulating the Poor: The Functions of Public Welfare. N.p.: Vintage, 1993.