From Ohio History Central
In 1967, Jack Nicklaus began to purchase land north of Dublin, Ohio, with the dream of opening a golf course. Due to financing difficulties, construction did not begin on the course until July 1972. Rain slowed construction, with the builders finishing the course in October 1973. The course became known as Muirfield Village.
In May 1976, the first PGA tour event held at the course occurred. It was known as the Memorial Tournament, because every year a different golfer was to be honored for his contributions to the game of golf. Beginning in 2002, both a male and a female golfer have been honored. Roger Maltbie won the first tournament in 1976, with course designer Jack Nicklaus winning the tournament in 1977. The Memorial Tournament has taken place every year since 1976, and it attracts golf's biggest stars.