From Ohio History Central
The Memorial Tournament is an annual PGA Tour event held at the Muirfield Village Golf Club, in Dublin, Ohio.
In 1967, Jack Nicklaus began to purchase land north of Dublin, Ohio, with the dream of opening a golf course. Due to financing difficulties, construction did not begin on the course until July 1972. Rain slowed construction, with the builders finishing the course in October 1973. The course is named Muirfield Village Golf Club.
In May 1976, the first PGA Tour event was staged at the course. Named the Memorial Tournament, event directors honor a different golfer each year for contributions to the game of golf. Since 2002, the tournament has honored both a male and a female golfer each year. Roger Maltbie won the first tournament in 1976, with course designer Jack Nicklaus winning the tournament in 1977. The Memorial Tournament has taken place every year since 1976, and it commonly attracts golf's biggest stars.