From Ohio History Central
Elizabeth Anne O'Hare McCormick was a prominent twentieth century American journalist, author and public figure.
Elizabeth Anne O'Hare was born in Great Britain on May 16, 1882. Some sources record her date of birth as 1880. Others list it as 1882. Some sources mark her birthplace as Columbus, Ohio, but O'Hare's family moved to Columbus from Great Britain while O'Hare was still a young girl. The O'Hare family later moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where Elizabeth worked for the Catholic Universe Bulletin. In Cleveland, O'Hare also fell in love with and married Francis J. McCormick. The couple moved to Dayton, Ohio, where Elizabeth worked as free-lance journalist for a number of magazines and newspapers, including the New York Times. Elizabeth McCormick published her various literary works under the name Anne O'Hare McCormick.
The McCormicks spent much of their time in Europe. In 1921, the editor for the New York Times asked Elizabeth McCormick to write about her experiences abroad. Her column was originally called "In Europe," but in 1936, McCormick's pieces became known as "Abroad." McCormick wrote about social, economic, and political issues affecting Europe. She interviewed many of the most powerful political leaders of the day, including United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Soviet Premier Josef Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler, and Italian leader Benito Mussolini. She also interviewed Popes Pius XI and Pius XII.
During the 1930s and 1940s, McCormick emerged as one of the most prominent journalists of her time. In 1936, she became a member of the New York Times editorial board. The following year, McCormick received the Pulitzer Prize for her reporting. She was the first woman to win this honor. McCormick also became well respected for her political insights. She participated in several United Nations educational and cultural organizations and also served on the Advisory Committee on Post-War Foreign Policy. McCormick remained active in journalism and foreign affairs until her death on May 29, 1954.