From Ohio History Central
The Literary Club of Cincinnati was founded on October 29, 1849.
Throughout much of the nineteenth century, the city of Cincinnati had a reputation as a center of culture and learning in Ohio and the Midwest. The residents of the city often formed organizations to sponsor cultural and educational activities.
Throughout its history, the club has had no more than one hundred members at any time. All of the members are men. Members have included a number of prominent Cincinnati residents, including Rutherford B. Hayes and William Howard Taft. The members present papers of a literary nature, and occasionally famous writers have spoken to the club's membership as well. Among the Literary Club's presenters have been Ralph Waldo Emerson, Booker T. Washington, Mark Twain, and Robert Frost. The Literary Club of Cincinnati maintains that it is the longest surviving organization of its kind in the United States.