From Ohio History Central
Charles Hammond was an attorney, journalist and early Ohio political leader.
Hammond was born in Baltimore County, Maryland, in September 1779. When Hammond was six years old, his father moved the family to a farm in Virginia. He attended the University of Virginia and began practicing law in Wellsburg, Virginia, in 1801. In 1803, Hammond moved to Ohio and was admitted to the Ohio bar.
Hammond became interested in the political issues of the state. Between 1813 and 1822, he was elected first to the Ohio Senate and then to the Ohio House of Representatives. His greatest interest was in judicial matters and from 1823 to 1838, Hammond served as the reporter of the Ohio Supreme Court. During his tenure as court reporter, he published the first nine volumes of Reports of Cases in the Supreme Court of Ohio.
Hammond continued to practice law for the rest of his life. He became well known for his position defending the state in the United States Supreme Court case, Osborn v. Bank of the United States (1824). Hammond argued that Ohio had the authority to tax the National Bank of the United States because it was a business that competed with other businesses in the state. Although Ohio lost the case, Hammond's was recognized as an excellent lawyer. Chief Justice John Marshall complemented Hammond's "remarkable acuteness and accuracy of mind."
In addition to practicing law, Hammond also had an interest in journalism. Living in St. Clairsville, he edited the Ohio Federalist from 1812 to 1818. After moving to Cincinnati in 1826, Hammond became the editor of the Cincinnati Gazette. He continued to manage the newspaper and write editorials about constitutional law until his death on April 3, 1840.