From Ohio History Central
On June 22, 1944, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed the Servicemen's Readjustment Act. This legislation is better known as the G.I. Bill of Rights. The Servicemen's Readjustment Act provided government assistance to World War II veterans as they returned home at the end of their military service.
The G.I. Bill provided veterans with low-interest mortgages, unemployment insurance, and financial assistance to attend college. This legislation helped millions of veterans to purchase their first homes and led to the construction of many new neighborhoods. Millions of other veterans enrolled in colleges where the government helped to pay for tuition, books, and living expenses. By 1951, eight million veterans had used G.I. Bill to attend college. The Servicemen's Readjustment Act also provided veterans with unemployment compensation in the amount of twenty dollars per week for up to fifty-two weeks
The G.I. Bill dramatically helped World War II veterans. For the first time, many of the 839,000 Ohioans who served in World War II had access to home ownership and a college education. Since World War II, the federal government has expanded G.I. Bill benefits to veterans of other conflicts.