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Reproduction of an illustration depicting Pontiac, an Ottawa chief. Chief Pontiac was born circa 1720. By 1755, he was a chief of the Ottawas. Pontiac subscribed to the religious beliefs of Neolin, a prophet of the Delaware people, who encouraged native people to forsake British goods and customs. When the French and Indian War ended in 1763, all French lands in North America were turned over to the British. Native people lost their long-time French ally and worried that more British settlers would come to the Ohio Country. Pontiac and the Ottawas encouraged tribes in the Ohio Country to rise up in 1763. The Ottawas attacked Fort Detroit in May 1763. The Shawnee, Munsee, Wyandot, Seneca and Delaware people also raided British settlements in the Ohio Country and in western Pennsylvania during 1763. The British military invaded the Ohio Country from Pennsylvania in the fall of 1764 and subdued the Native American tribes. Pontiac's Rebellion ended in the fall of 1764 and Pontiac formally surrendered to the British in July 1766. In 1769, he was murdered by a fellow Native American.


Ohio Historical Society SC 208, AL02991 from the Pontiac Collection.


8/21/2005 17:25

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