From Ohio History Central
These telegrams were sent by members of the Ohio National Guard, stationed in Hocking and Perry counties during the Hocking Valley coal strike of 1884. Both telegrams measure 8" x 5.25" (20.32 x 13.34 cm). The first one-page telegram, dated September 1, 1884, was written by members of Company A of the 17th Regiment. The men ask Governor George Hoadley to be excused from duty in the area because many of them are coal miners and "have relatives and friends in the Hocking Valley mines." The second item, a lengthy seven-page telegram dated September 11, 1884, was sent by Colonel Thomas Dill to Adjutant General Finley in Columbus. Dill urges Finley not to remove the Ohio National Guard from the area, explaining that the situation is still volatile. He also reports that the Hocking County sheriff, who asked for guard protection, still believes that it is needed. Workers in the Hocking Valley, Ohio coal mines decided to strike in 1884 after the Columbus & Hocking Coal & Iron Company sought to lower wages and change working conditions. The strike lasted from June 23, 1884 to March 18, 1885. The Ohio National Guard was called in to prevent violence in August 1884, when strikers rioted to protest being evicted from company housing and the arrival of strikebreakers. Despite their efforts, the workers eventually accepted the reduction in wages and returned to work.
Ohio Historical Society State Archives Series 154, Box 50,360 from the Hocking Valley Strike Records Collection.
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