Dayton Wright Airplane Company

From Ohio History Central

Jump to: navigation, search

The Dayton Wright Airplane Company originated from the Wright Company. Orville and Wilbur Wright formed the Wright Company in 1909 to manufacture airplanes. The Wright brothers' first flight had occurred on December 17, 1903. In the first few years after this flight, they found that most people in the United States were skeptical about airplanes. The United States government was not willing to invest money in their venture originally. After making numerous improvements to their airplane designs and spending time in Europe doing flight demonstrations, that initial skepticism disappeared. The United States government ordered a number of planes from the Wrights, as did some European governments. The two brothers had been building airplanes on a small scale until this point, and they determined that they would have to form a company and build a factory in order to fill all of the orders that they had received.

When Wilbur Wright died of typhoid fever in 1912, Orville Wright sold the company so that he could concentrate on aeronautical research and airplane design once again. The company continued to build airplanes, although there were no Wright brothers still involved. In 1916, the business merged with another aircraft builder, the Glenn L. Martin Company. The company became known as the Wright-Martin Company. This merger only lasted for about a year. Upon the merger's termination, the Wright-Martin Company became known as the Dayton Wright Airplane Company, with Edward Deeds and Charles Kettering being two of the primary investors. While this new company continued to use former buildings of the Wright Company, much of the new company's activities were moved to Moraine, Ohio.

During World War I, the Dayton Wright Airplane Company produced planes and aircraft engines for the United States war effort. In 1923, General Motors Corporation purchased the company, and it was later sold to Consolidated Aircraft.

See Also