Common Raven

From Ohio History Central

Facts

Scientific Name: Corvus corax
Habitat: Boreal and mountain forests, coastal cliffs, and tundra
Adult Weight: 2.5 - 3 lbs.
Adult Body Length: 22 - 27 inches
Broods Per Year: 1
Clutch Size: 3-7 eggs
Foods: Carrion, reptiles and amphibians, eggs, insects, and plants

Notes

The raven looks very similar to the crow, but it is larger with a wedge-shaped tail instead of a squared- off tail.

History

Pre-Settlement

The raven was the most numerous of all the birds in the corvidae family (crows, jays and magpies) found in early Ohio.

Settlement

Ravens were common around Lake Erie and, it is expected, ranged into central and southern Ohio. As soon as settlers began to arrive and remove the large growth forests, ravens began to leave the state.

19th Century

As the forest quickly disappeared, so did the ravens. In northern counties, the raven population declined between the 1850s and 1870s. The last raven in central Ohio was collected in 1879.

20th Century

The common raven was extirpated from Ohio by 1905.

See Also

References

  1. Hulbert, Archer B., and Schwarze, William N., eds. David Zeisberger's History of the North American Indians. Columbus, OH: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1910. 
  2. Peterjohn, John. The Birds of Ohio; Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN; 1989.