From Ohio History Central
During the late nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries, Ohio underwent tremendous change. One of the principal changes was the shift from a predominantly agricultural economy to a much more industrialized one. This change also brought stark social changes to the state. Now millions of Ohioans relied on other people -- business owners -- for their livelihood. Many Ohioans believed that the business owners had undue influence over the government and that the employers had no desire to relinquish any power to middle and working-class Americans.
By the start of the twentieth century, a group of reformers, known as the Progressives, emerged to combat some of the ill effects of these changes. Most Progressives came from middle-class backgrounds. Many of them were college educated. Progressives generally believed that industrialization was good for the United States, but they also contended that human greed had grown to outweigh the overall benefits of industrialization. They hoped to re-instill in Americans moral values based upon Protestant religious beliefs. The Progressives wanted employers to treat their workers as the bosses wanted to be treated. They also hoped that, if working conditions improved, Americans would not engage in immoral activities, like drinking and gambling, to forget the difficulties that they faced.
To learn more about this important era in Ohio's history, please browse these entries at your leisure.
Pages in category "The Progressive Era"
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