From Ohio History Central
Since the late 1940s, Dr. Arthur G. James, a professor at The Ohio State University, dreamed of establishing a cancer hospital in Columbus, Ohio. At this point in time, there were no hospitals specializing in cancer treatment between the states of New York and Texas. James pursued this goal for the next forty years before making it a reality.
Construction of the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Research Institute at The Ohio State University began on July 10, 1984. The Ohio General Assembly earmarked forty million dollars to the project and the university donated another fourteen million. Eventually additional donations from a number of sources made James's dream of a cancer hospital become a reality. On September 11, 1987, The Ohio State University named the hospital in honor of James. Two years later, the James hospital was nearing completion when a water pipe exploded, delaying the opening for six months. On July 9, 1990, the hospital accepted its first patient.
The Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Research Institute quickly became one of the leading cancer centers in the United States. In 1999, U.S. News and World Report listed the hospital as one of the best cancer treatment centers in the United States. The magazine has continued to list the James as one of the leading cancer hospitals ever. The hospital also is one of the sixteen charter members of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. In 2005, it consisted of the main site at The Ohio State University Columbus Campus as well as several other sites scattered across Central Ohio. Between 2003 and 2004, the James treated more than 150,000 patients, illustrating its importance to Ohio.
In 1999, Richard J. Solove, a personal friend of Dr. James and a prominent local businessman, donated twenty million dollars to The James' Threshold of Discovery campaign, the largest private donation that The Ohio State Medical Center ever received. This campaign sought monetary donations to conduct research in cancer and genetics. In honor of Solove's contribution. The Ohio State University renamed the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Research Institute to the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute.