A Look at Ohio

From Ohio History Central

Ohio is a political, not a geographic, unit. Its boundaries are imaginary; they exist only on paper. Many of the state's geographic features continue into its neighboring states and Canada. There are no high mountains or wide bodies of water, which completely separate Ohio from its neighbors. Lake Erie and the Ohio River are the only natural features that contribute to the state's political boundaries. Two of the original Colonies, Pennsylvania and Virginia, determined Ohio's eastern and southern boundaries when the Confederation Congress established the Northwest Territory. Later, the U.S. Congress fixed Ohio's western boundary, as well as its northern boundary west of Lake Erie when Ohio became a state. The international boundary with Canada through Lake Erie determined the rest of Ohio's northern boundary.

Still, Ohio has a distinct, overall geographic character. And it is important to understand the geography of Ohio in order to understand Ohio's history as well as it place in the world today.

Facts

Size:44,828 square miles
Land:40,953 square miles in area
Water:3,875 square miles in area
Water In Lake Erie:3,499 square miles in area
Inland Water:376 square miles in area
Rivers & Streams:44,000 miles in length
Population:11,150,606 (1995 census estimate)
Population Density:272.3 people per square mile
Farm Land:15,200,000 acres (23,750 sq. miles)
Forested Land:6,146,000 acres (9,603 sq. miles)
Largest County:Ashtabula, 711 square miles in area
Smallest County:Lake, 232 square miles in area
Highest Point:Campbell Hill in Logan County, 1,549 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point:the Ohio River near Cincinnati in Hamilton County, 455 feet above sea level.
Length of the state (extreme north to south):205 miles
Width of the state (extreme west to east):230 miles

See Also