Treaty with the Shawnee (1786)
Following the American Revolution, the newly independent American states sought to establish peaceful relations with the Shawnee Indians. Representatives from the Shawnee tribe met with emissaries of the American government. On January 31, 1786, the various parties signed a treaty ending hostilities between the Shawnee and white Americans.
Known as the Treaty with the Shawnee, this agreement temporarily established peaceful relations between the white Americans and the Indians. The American officials also granted the Shawnee land in what is now western Ohio. In return for this land, the Shawnee Indians agreed to return any white hostages whom they held, as well as to warn white Americans of an attack should the Shawnee become aware of one.
Peace did not last long between the white Americans and the Shawnee Indians. Following the American Revolution, thousands of whites moved into what is now Ohio and quickly encroached upon the natives’ land. War erupted, leading to the eventual defeat and removal of the Shawnee and Ohio’s other Indian tribes during the first decades of the nineteenth century.