Treaty with the Delawares (1818)
On October 3, 1818, the Lenape (Delaware) people agreed to relinquish all claims that they had to land in Indiana. In exchange, the United States government agreed to provide the Delawares with land west of the Mississippi River. The government also gave the Lenape 120 horses, a yearly annuity of four thousand dollars, and agreed to assume Lenape debts in the amount of $13,312.25. The federal government also promised to provide the Lenape with provisions as they traveled westward. The United States government permitted the Lenape to remain in Indiana until 1821, when the Lenape people were forcibly made to emigrate west of the Mississippi River. This agreement became known as the Treaty with the Delawares.
The Treaty with the Delawares was one of several treaties between American Indians and the United States government during the first decades of the nineteenth century. The treaties marked a culmination era in the United States government's calculated attempt to forcibly remove American Indian peoples from the Old Northwest to lands west of the Mississippi River. The forced departure of the Lenape opened most of what was once known as the Northwest Territory to settlement.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.