Treaty of Wapakoneta (1831)
On August 8, 1831, four hundred Shawnee agreed to relinquish their claims to land in western Ohio in the Treaty of Wapakoneta. In exchange, the United States government agreed to provide the Shawnee people with 100,000 acres of land west of the Mississippi River. The government paid the Indians thirteen thousand dollars as well and implemented a yearly annuity for the Shawnee based upon the money that the federal government earned from the sale of the Shawnee's former land. United States officials also presented the Shawnee with two hundred blankets, forty plows, 150 hoes, fifty axes, forty sets of harness, and enough cloth to make fifty tents. In addition, the United States agreed to construct a sawmill and a gristmill for the Shawnees on their land. This agreement became known as the Treaty with the Shawnee.
The Treaty with the Shawnee, along with several other treaties between American Indians and the United States government during the first decades of the nineteenth century, marked the ramping up of a calculated U.S. Federal Government policy of American Indian relocation and removal which spanned the 19th century.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.