Treaty of Miami (Maumee) Bay (1831)
On August 30, 1831, representatives of the United States and representatives (though this is disputed) of the Ottawa signed the Treaty of Miami (Maumee) Bay. In this treaty, several groups of Ottawa gave up their claim to 28,157 acres of land in northwestern Ohio. Some of the Ottawa agreed to move to a reservation in Kansas, while others considered moving to Michigan. The United States government granted the Ottawa who chose to move west 34,000 acres of land in Kansas. The government also paid a two thousand dollar cash advance on the sale of the Ottawa lands and livestock in Ohio. In addition, the government presented the departing Ottawa with gifts of blankets, plows, axes, hoes, rifles, and other supplies.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.