Time in Perspective
Pilgrims establish the Plymouth colony in what is now Massachusetts.
LaSalle, a French explorer and the first European in the Ohio Country, discovers the Ohio River.
The Ohio Company of Virginia forms to settle the Ohio River Valley.
French and Indian War begins.
The United States
1775 - 1783
The American Revolution.
The United Stated Constitution is adopted.
The Northwest Ordinance establishes the Northwest Territory, which includes the Ohio Country.
Marietta, Ohio's first permanent settlement, is founded.
The Treaty of Greenville is signed, ending Indian Wars in Ohio.
Chillicothe becomes the capitol of the eastern part of the Northwest Territory.
Ohio becomes the 17th state.
1812 - 1814
War of 1812.
The first steam-powered riverboats appeared on the Ohio River.
Columbus becomes the permanent capitol of Ohio.
Work on the National Road and the canal system begins in Ohio.
Queen Victoria begins her 64 year reign in England, commonly known as the Victorian period.
The Mexican American War
First U.S. postage stamps.
Discovery of gold in California.
Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin by Ohio writer Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Abraham Lincoln elected president.
1861 - 1865
America's Civil War.
Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.
Ohioan Thomas Edison invents the light bulb.
Ohioan James A. Garfield becomes the 20th President of the United States.
The first gasoline-powered car in the U.S.
Ohioans Orville and Wilbur Wright fly their first airplane.
1914 - 1918
The First World War.
1929 - 1941
The Great Depression.
Ohio's first sales tax.
1941 - 1945
The Second World War entangles the United States and Ohio.
1950 - 1953
The Korean War.
Ohioan John Glenn orbits the earth.
William O. Walker becomes Ohio's first African-American cabinet member.
1965 - 1974
Ohio's involvement in the Vietnam War.
Carl Stokes becomes the first African-American mayor of a major city (Cleveland).
Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to walk on the moon.
Public schools in Columbus, Dayton and Cleveland begin busing of pupils to eliminate segregation.
Ohio has its highest unemployment rate since the Great Depression: 14.2%.
International negotiations at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton led to the Bosnian peace agreement.