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Ohio Statesman

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{{infobox| image = [[File:The ''Daily Ohio Statesman'', a Democratic paper printed in Columbus, the seat of Franklin County, Ohio, in 1855-70, originated with the consolidation of the ''Ohio Monitor'' and the ''Western Hemisphere'' in 1837. The ''Monitor'' was the first Democratic paper printed in Columbus and was initially established by David Smith and Ezra Griswold in 1816, the same year that Columbus became the capital of Ohio. In 1835, the ''Monitor'', which had been purchased by Jacob Medary, Samuelwas consolidated with the ''Western Hemisphere'' which had begun publication in 1833 by John Gilbert & Company.jpg]]| caption = Photograph On July 5, 1837, the name of the ''Hemisphere'' was changed to the ''Ohio Statesman''. Owned by brothers Jacob and Samuel Medary, cathe ''Statesman'' appeared first as a weekly paper, except during the sessions of the legislature, when it was published twice a week. 1860Eventually, the paper would be published as the ''Tri-1864. Medary served Weekly Ohio Statesman'', and it continued in this way until August 11, 1847, when the Ohio House first number of Representatives in 1834 and the ''Daily Ohio Senate in 1836Statesman'' was issued. He published The ''Statesman'' became the Democratic voice of Columbus and focused on state and national political news. The politically charged paper made clear its opposition to the Union during the Civil War and often kept its readers informed with partisan reports on politics and economics. Its main competitor was the Republican ''Daily Ohio State Journal''. In the years that followed, the ''Statesman from 1832-1857'' would pass through the hands of several different owners. Samuel S. Cox became the sole editor and proprietor on January 2, 1854, and quickly announced the sale of the paper on May 23, 1854, which he used to endorse the Democratic Partyproprietors of the ''Daily Ohio State Democrat'', under the name of the Franklin Printing Company. The ''Statesman''s candidates and ''Democrat'' were consolidated to build support form the ''Daily Ohio Statesman and Democrat''. The editors of the ''Democrat'', Horace S. Knapp and Charles B. Flood, became the editors of the consolidated paper. But on February 10, 1855, the paper was transferred to Samuel Medary, who, for the third time, became its policiessole proprietor and editor. Medary At this time, "Democrat" was also Governor of dropped from the Minnesota Territory from 1857-1858 title, and the Kansas Territory from 1858-1860paper took its original name of ''Ohio Statesman''. He returned to Columbus Medary left the paper in 1860 1857 and began publishing "The in 1861 established the ''Columbus Crisis''," a highly controversial and widely read Copperhead newspaper whose purpose . Medary was to stop later indicted for conspiracy against the government in 1864, but died before he could be tried. After changing hands several more times, the Civil War''Statesman'' was sold on April 1, 1872 to Dodd & Linton publishers, who changed it from a morning to an evening paper. Not long after, an announcement appeared, signed “Statesman Company, by J. P. Linton, manager,” declaring that the ''Daily Ohio Statesman'' had been merged with the ''Daily Dispatch'', an evening paper, known for being non-partisan in politics. The Statesman Company continued to publish the ''Weekly Ohio Statesman'' and also the ''Sunday Statesman''. In the years that followed, the ''Statesman'' would change owners and names several more times. On August 3, 1911, the paper, published by Joseph H. Harper and now titled the ''Columbus News'', finally ceased publication. Part of this newspaper has been digitized and is available for research via [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America]: [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84028645/issues/ Daily Ohio Statesman, 1861-1869].
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<p>In 1838, Samuel Medary purchased the <em>Western Hemisphere</em> newspaper of Columbus, Ohio. He changed the paper's name to the <em>Ohio Statesman</em>. Medary was a former schoolteacher from Batavia, Ohio. He had also served a term in the Ohio legislature and another in the Ohio Senate. He was a devoted member of the Democratic Party. Medary used the <em>Ohio Statesman </em>to endorse the Democratic Party's candidates and to build support for its policies. Medary &nbsp;became an important spokesperson for the Democratic Party in &nbsp;Ohio. He served as the editor of the <em>Ohio Statesman</em> until 1857.</p>
==See Also==
<div class="seeAlsoText">
*[[Samuel Medary]]
*[[Columbus, Ohio]]
*[[Democratic Party]]
*[[BataviaColumbus, Ohio]]*[[Samuel S. Cox]]*[[Copperheads]]
</div>
[[Category:History Documents]][[Category:Early Statehood]][[Category:Arts and Entertainment]][[Category:Government and Politics]]