Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1768)

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<p>In 1768in present-day Rome, the Iroquois Indians New York, British officials and leaders of the English Iroquois Confederacy signed a treaty at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix. In this treaty, the Confederacy, a confederation of six Iroquois-speaking tribes, the Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca, and Tuscarora Nations, relinquished their claims to lands south of the Ohio River.</p><p>Following This treaty was one of many initiated by the British in order to control “unsettled” lands and establish Indian territories. After their victory in the French and Indian War(1754-1763), England the British issued the Proclamation of 1763. This act kept England's colonists from moving which stated that any land west of the Appalachian Mountains. The land that England claimed between , from the Appalachian Mountains and southern area of the Mississippi River Hudson Bay to the region north of Florida, was to become an be reserved for American Indian reserveterritories. Despite the The Proclamation of 1763also prohibited colonists from settling this region and anyone who previously settled there was required to relocate within the colonial divide. However, many colonists disregarded this legislation and continued to move west of the Appalachian Mountains. Most of these people settled along encroach on native lands, especially settling on the Kentucky bank of the Ohio River, which instigated continuous conflict between colonists and native peoples. Hoping </p><p>In an attempt to prevent quell tensions with Native Americans between settlers and American Indian tribes in the southern Ohio County, the English government tried to negotiate a treaty establishing a British drafted the Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1768) which established new boundary lines between the two sides. In this agreement, the Iroquois ceded all of their lands east colonists and south of the Ohio River to the Englishnative peoples. While the Iroquois agreed to give up this land, most other tribes living in Ohio American Indians did not, including the Delaware, the Seneca-Cayuga, and the ShawneeTribes. These peoples claimed that the Iroquois, who most of whom did not even live in the Ohio Country, did not have the right to negotiate for the other tribes. </p><p>Colonial settlers, however, immediately moved into the region. By the spring of 1774, violence had begun in the disputed area as Ohio's American Indians -- , especially the Shawnee -- , tried to drive the English colonists east of the Appalachian Mountains. The American Indians' insistence that the treaty did not speak for them resulted in increased tensions with the English British and conflicts initiated by Anglo-American settlers, such as Lord Dunmore's War in 1774, spurred by white settlers who considered these land cession treaties to speak for all Ohio American Indians.</p>  
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