The church grew quickly in both Moravia and Bohemia. It had more than two hundred thousand members and approximately four hundred churches by 1500. Despite the popularity of the church, its members spent the first two-hundred years of its existence facing persecution from already established churches. These churches feared and distrusted the message of the Moravians. By the late 1600s, many Unity of the Brethren churches stood idle due to the oppression of others. But the church would see a revival beginning in 1722 after a small group of believers left Moravia for Saxony in modern-day Germany. There, the Moravians flourished. They quickly assumed the role of evangelists, seeking first in Europe and then in the New World, to assist people, including Native Americans, in attaining salvation. Chief among the missionaries to the Indians were David Zeisberger and John Heckewelder, both of whom helped to found communities, such as Schoenbrunn and Gnadenhutten, in eastern Ohio during the 1770s. During the American Revolution, the Moravians faced pressure from both the British and the Americans because they tried to remain neutral. Moravian beliefs led them to practice pacifism.
[[Category:Exploration To Statehood]][[Category:Religion]]