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In June 1863, General George Meade became the commander of the Army of the Potomac. He took command of the army only a few days before the Battle of Gettysburg. Meade performed well in this battle, driving the Army of Northern Virginia from Pennsylvania and back into Virginia. Meade remained as the Army of the Potomac's leader for the duration of the war. Ohioan General Ulysses S. Grant, the highest ranking officer in the United States Army for the last two years of the conflict, made his headquarters with Meade's force. Grant directed Meade to continuously attack the South's Army of Northern Virginia, even if the Union force lost more men in a battle or had to withdraw from the battlefield. While the Army of the Potomac lost more men at the Battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and Cold Harbor in 1864, the North's constant attacks severely weakened the South's ability to wage war, forcing the Army of Northern Virginia to surrender in April 1865. The Army of the Potomac disbanded at the Civil War's conclusion.