In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, there was growing support for Prohibition in Ohio. Groups such as the Ohio Anti-Saloon League and the American Anti-Saloon League were successful in gaining the attention of some lawmakers in the state legislature. The result was the Brannock Bill, which supported local option. Local option was a way for communities to decide for themselves if they wanted to allow the sale of alcohol. This was a very controversial issue in Ohio at this time. Governor Myron P. Herrick vetoed the bill, keeping it from becoming law. Herrick's opposition to the Brannock Bill was one of the reasons why he was defeated in the gubernatorial election of 1905. Ultimately, the local option became available to communities in 1908 with the passage of the Rose Law. The Rose Law allowed individual communities to put Prohibition issues on their local ballots. If a majority of residents voted in favor of the issue, then saloons could not operate in the community. Many Ohio towns and cities took advantage of the Rose Law to ban the sale of alcohol in their communities.
- Behr, Edward. Prohibition: Thirteen Years that Changed America. New York, NY: Arcade Pub., 1996.
- Clark, Norman. Deliver Us from Evil: An Interpretation of American Prohibition. New York, NY: Norton, 1976.
- Kobler, John. Ardent Spirits: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York, NY: Putnam, 1973.