Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum is located in Cleveland, Ohio, on the shore of Lake Erie. In 1983, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was formed to create the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum. A number of cities sought the museum, but Cleveland won the competition. More than 600,000 people signed a petition asking that the museum be located in Cleveland. In addition to this enormous fan support, Cleveland also was the home of Alan Freed. Freed was the radio disc jockey credited with inventing the term "Rock and Roll." The museum opened on September 2, 1995, in a building designed by architect I.M. Pei.
The museum honors all aspects of Rock and Roll. The museum also honors inductees to the Hall of Fame. People are inducted into the Hall of fame in one of four categories: Performers, Non-Performers, Early Influences, and Side-men. To be inducted into the Hall of Fame, a person must be affiliated in some way with Rock and Roll. He or she does not have to be a singer or a musician. If the person is a performer, he or she is not eligible for induction until twenty-five years after his or her first album was released. The first inductees into the Hall of Fame were Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Elvis Presley.