Novy Svet (New World)
Novy Svet, translated as New World, was a Czech-American newspaper published in Cleveland, Ohio.
People of Czech heritage primarily began to migrate to the United States of America in the mid to late 1800s. Cleveland had one of the largest Czech communities in Ohio. Hoping to maintain traditional Czech heritage and beliefs, in 1950, John Kratky and Anton Sustr established Novy Svet. Previously, Cleveland had boasted several other Czech-language newspapers, but in 1950, Novy Svet was the only such paper in the city. Novy Svet was originally published daily, but by the mid 1960s, due to costs and a smaller readership, the paper was issued semi weekly and, finally, only weekly. Novy Svet remained in publication until January 1977. In March 1977, a new Novy Svet newspaper began publication. This new paper was edited in Cleveland but printed in New Jersey. This new Novy Svet was also distributed nationally.
Like many other Americans during the late 1800s and the early 1900s, the Czech immigrants viewed Ohio as a land of opportunity, but they also sought, as evidenced with Novy Svet, to maintain many aspects of their traditional culture.
- Van Tassel, David D., and John J. Grabowski, eds. The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.