Maize

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Corn Germination Tests.jpg
Corn germination tests, Townshend Hall, Ohio State University School of Agricultural, Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, ca. 1900-1909.

Maize is another name for corn, a cereal grain. Originally, maize was a wild plant, but Indians in Central America eventually domesticated it and improved on the wild variety. In the wild, maize originally consisted of a plant that could grow as high as twenty-three feet and that only produced a few small kernels. Between seven and twelve thousand years ago, Indians in Central America began to domesticate maize, creating a plant that could produce hundreds of kernels of corn on each cob. Today, most domesticated maize plants grow to a maximum height of nine feet.

The domestication of maize dramatically changed life for the Indians. Many Indian societies in Central and South America became sedentary. Before maize [[Category:{$topic}]]