Logan's Lament

From Ohio History Central
Revision as of 15:03, 29 July 2015 by SPagano (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Chief Logan.jpg
Photographic reproduction of a print depicting James Logan (1725-1780), a Cayuga leader. Logan initially encouraged his people not to attack whites who settled in the Ohio country. After family members were killed by settlers in 1774, Logan began raiding villages in what is now western Pennsylvania. While his allies the Shawnee attempted to make peace with the settlers, Logan

continued to fight until his death around 1780.

Logan was a prominent Cayuga leader. He was a war leader but often urged his fellow Cayuga not to attack whites settling in the Ohio Country. His attitude changed on May 3, 1774, when a group of Virginia settlers murdered approximately one dozen Cayuga. Among them were Logan's mother and sister. Logan demanded that the Cayugas and their allies, principally the Shawnee, take revenge for the deaths of his loved ones. Cornstalk, one of the important leaders of the Shawnee, still called for peace, but Logan ignored him. He conducted raids in western Pennsylvania, killing thirteen whites in retaliation for the deaths of the Cayuga. Logan's attacks, plus mounting aggression from encroaching Anglo-American settler-colonists, culminated in Lord Dunsmore's War .

The English eventually defeated the Cayuga, and the two sides met near Chillicothe to determine peace terms. Logan refused to attend but did send a speech known as "Logan's Lament." Simon Girty, an Englishman kidnapped by the natives and then raised as one of their own, may have read it at the conference. It became one of the most famous speeches by an American Indian in American history.

Logan spent the remainder of his life trying to prevent white settlers from moving into the Ohio Country. During the American Revolution, he continued to raid white settlements in Pennsylvania. Most accounts describe Logan as becoming despondent and turning to alcohol after his family's murder. He probably died around 1780.

Logan's Iruoquoian name continues to be the subject of some dispute. He has been identified over the past two centuries as Tah-ga-jute, Tachnechdorus, Soyechtowa, Tocaniodoragon and Talgayeeta.

See Also

References

  1. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  2. Jacob, John J. A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap. Cumberland, MD: J.M. Buchanan, 1826.
  3. Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Boston, MA: Printed by H. Sprague, 1802.
  4. Mayer, Brantz. Tah-gah-jute, or, Logan and Cresap: An Historical Essay. Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1867.
  5. Sawvel, Franklin B. Logan the Mingo. Boston, MA: R. G. Badger, 1921.
  6. Thwaites, Reuben Gold, and Luise Phelps Kellogg. Documentary History of Dunmore's War, 1774. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 2002.