The English word gold comes from a series of ancient words that refer to the color yellow. Its rarity, beauty and ability to be shaped by man have made it a highly desired precious metal throughout the history of mankind. "Gold fever" has been a frequently recurring affliction for humans. Today, artists and artisans use gold extensively in making jewelry and other objects of beauty. Also, because of its distinctive characteristics as a metal, gold has important uses in dentistry, photography, industry and electronics.
Gold occurs in scattered localities around the world. It almost always occurs with small amounts of silver. Despite being a rare mineral, there is enough gold in a few regions for commercial mining. Most notable are the gold-producing areas in North America, Europe and South Africa. Although very rare in Ohio, gold has been reported from 10 counties. Gold was transported to Ohio by glaciers of the Pleistocene Ice Age and modern streams have eroded the glacial sediments and concentrated the gold particles. Many streams in the glaciated portion of the state, or rivers draining the glaciated areas have produced small amounts of gold.