Geraldine Roberts, a Cleveland, Ohio resident, began organizing African-American women working as domestic servants in 1965.
In the 1960s, many American women worked outside of the home. These women faced a number of challenges. Unions often failed to support women workers. This was especially true for domestic workers, who usually were employed in private homes. Roberts's efforts also reflected the struggle of African-American workers to attain additional rights and opportunities during this era.
As a result of Roberts's efforts in Cleveland, the Domestic Workers of America was chartered in 1966. An important early source of financial support was the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE). The leadership of the Domestic Workers of America concentrated their efforts on establishing a registry for domestic servants, providing training and educational opportunities, and offering job placement.
- Cobble, Dorothy Sue. The Other Women's Movement: Workplace Justice and Social Rights in Modern America. N.p.: Princeton University Press, 2005.